Are you looking to buy a new puppy or adopt one to welcome in your household? All dogs are different, though many would say that it is not right to judge a dog personality solely based on its breed, but by studying the history and functions of the various dog breeds will help to ensure that you understand some basic characteristics that your new dog has and what you should expect from him. This will also help you in finding the right dog breed that will match both you and the dog’s lifestyle. The following are the 7 main dog breed groups that you can learn about:
- Toy Group
This group tend to be affectionate and easily adaptable to their family environment. They are intelligent, sociable, and full of energy, and despite their small stature, many do have strong protective instincts and big personalities. Bred for the purpose of serving as companions for their humans. Toy breeds make ideal apartment dogs and are the perfect lap dogs.
Popular toy breeds include: Toy Poodle, Chihuahua, Pomeranian, Shih Tzu
- Non-Sporting Group
This group is one of the two original breed categories defined over 100 years ago, where back in those days dogs were either sporting dogs or non-sporting dogs. In modern times, this group refers to dogs that don’t fit into the requirements of the other 6 groups. Therefore, the range of dogs in this group has a variety of sizes, functions, and history, in which most of the dogs in this group are great watchdogs and house dogs.
Popular non-sporting dog breed: Bulldog. Chow Chow, Dalmatian
- Sporting Group
This group was bred to help hunters to capture and retrieve the prey, most of them will have thick water-repellent coats enabling them to be resilient to harsh hunting conditions. They will require vigorous and regular exercises as they love to be outdoors and water. They will make great companions for camping and hiking.
Popular working breed includes: Golden Retriever, Cocker Spaniel, German Shorthaired Pointer
- Working Group
This group of dog breeds are widely known for their strength, intelligence and impressive stature and were developed to assist humans in tasks such as pulling carts and guarding home. They are naturally protective, owners with dog breeds in this category may need to know how to properly train and socialize their working dog.
Popular working dog breed: Rottweiler, Huskies, Samoyed
- Terrier Group
Terriers are dogs that were bred to dig into ground to capture their prey, thus they are typically small and compact little dogs. They have the primary traits of being feisty, confident and energetic, and they have very little patience and tolerance for other dogs. They do require more patience from owner as they can be stubborn with high energy levels.
Popular terrier dog breed: Bull Terrier, West Highland Terrier
- Herding Group
Previously a part of the working group, this group of dogs are great for herding in farms and protecting livestock. They have the natural skills of guiding and controlling movements of other animals, they are intelligent and responsive which makes them highly trainable. However, the high energy levels in them also means that it is recommended to give them a job, big space to run around and have lots of exercise. It is also good to note that they will have instinctual urges to herd their humans.
Popular herding dog breed: Border Collie, Corgi, German Shephard
- Hound Group
Dogs in this group possess strong prey drives and mainly rely on their explosive speed and incredible stamina to chase fast animals to hold them down until the hunter arrives. While sighthounds rely mostly on their sharp and wide vision, scent hounds rely more on their acute sense of smell to do the tracking. Though being charming and affectionate and they are loyal companions as family pets, they might require more vigorous exercises.
Popular hound dog breed: Beagle, Dachshund, Greyhound